Competency information


Prepare the environment and lighting level and select the 

needed for ophthalmic examination or measurement of:

  • visual acuity
  • Ishihara colour vision
  • ocular or retinal imaging
  • automated static perimetry or confrontational visual field.


  • The importance of confirming the patient’s identity from the referral document and correct entry on the recording system.
  • Steps and methods of routine clinical ophthalmic examination in adults, including:
    • clinical psychophysical tests and different ways of reaching a threshold measure, e.g. visual acuity, colour vision, visual fields, tonometry
    • visualising ocular structures using fundoscopy, retinal imaging, slit lamp examination, corneal imaging, ocular ultra-sound,
    • objective assessment of vision function, e.g. visual electrophysiology (electroretinography, ERG and visual evoked potential, VEP), pupil assessment.
  • Different methods and equipment used for these measurements.
  • Requirements and protocols for maintenance and calibration of equipment.
  • Correct use of equipment.
  • Relevant international and national recommendations for performance of investigation in addition to local protocols.
  • How to communicate effectively with patients, parents or carers, including patients with a range of cultural and special needs.
  • Precautions and contraindications to procedure and the relevant personnel to contact for further advice.

Relevant learning outcomes

# Outcome
# 1 Outcome Measure visual acuity using a LogMAR chart for adult subjects.
# 2 Outcome Perform an Ishihara colour vision assessment on an adult subject.
# 3 Outcome Perform an automated static perimetry or confrontation visual field on an adult subject.
# 4 Outcome Label the main peaks of a normal electroretinogram (ERG).
# 5 Outcome Identify the landmarks of the eye and fundus in different imaging modalities.