Module information

Module details

Advanced Ventilation and Adjunct Therapies
Module code

Aim of this module

This module aims to develop the trainee’s ability to distinguish between the methods of applying the mechanical ventilator to a range of patients and pathophysiologies.

Work-based content


# Learning outcome Competency Action
# 1 Learning outcome 5, 6 Competency

Apply nitric oxide therapy to a patient to include:

  • Set up
  • Preparation
  • Connection to the patient
Action View
# 2 Learning outcome 5, 6 Competency

Apply high frequency oscillation ventilation to include:

  • Set up
  • Preparation
  • Connection to the patient
Action View
# 3 Learning outcome 5, 6 Competency

Apply inhalation agents via conventional mechanical ventilators to include:

  • Set up
  • Preparation
  • Connection to the patient
Action View
# 4 Learning outcome 5, 6 Competency

Set up and assist ECCOR to include:

  • Review of access options
  • Assistance with set up
  • Preparation
Action View
# 5 Learning outcome 1, 2, 6 Competency

Advise on ventilation strategy

Action View
# 6 Learning outcome 1, 2, 6 Competency

Review patients and identify the correct modes of ventilation with reference to depth of sedation

Action View
# 7 Learning outcome 1, 2 Competency

Evaluate appropriate breath delivery type for patients with reference to lung and airway pathophysiology

Action View
# 8 Learning outcome 3, 4, 6 Competency

Respond to ventilator settings/alarms with respect to clinical requirements of patients for a variety of clinical scenarios

Action View
# 9 Learning outcome 3, 4, 6 Competency

Use monitoring to troubleshoot clinical issues with mechanical ventilation

Action View
# 10 Learning outcome 3, 4, 6 Competency

Troubleshoot technical/circuit/accessories issues with mechanical ventilation

Action View


Complete 2 Case-Based Discussions

Complete 2 DOPS or OCEs

Direct Observation of Practical Skills Titles

  • Set up circuit and perform pre use checks on a bedside/transport ventilator.
  • Perform troubleshooting exercises on a selection of clinical and technical issues.

Observed Clinical Event Titles 

  • Communicate with healthcare professionals to ensure equipment is fit for use.
  • Provide bedside coaching in use of equipment.
  • Prioritise clinical requests.

Learning outcomes

# Learning outcome

Select the appropriate mode of ventilation related to the patient’s level of sedation.


Select the appropriate pattern of ventilation with respect to the patient’s lung physiology/pathophysiology.


Select the appropriate alarm settings on the ventilator with respect to patient safety and monitoring.


Interpret and apply monitoring techniques on high specification ventilators.


Set up, apply and manage a range of adjunct ventilation therapies.


Assess clinical and technical issues with ventilators and troubleshoot accurately.

Clinical experiences

Important information

Clinical experiences help you to develop insight into your practice and greater understanding of your specialty. Clinical experiences should be included in your training plan and you may be asked to help organise your experiences. While Clinical Experiences are not assessed, reflections and observations from your experiences can be used to support evidence for competencies to demonstrate your awareness and appreciation of your specialty and it’s impact on patient care. You may find it helpful to capture thoughts from your experiences in your reflective log.


  1. Attend the admission of a patient to appreciate the process of initiation of mechanical ventilation.
  2. Observe a ward round.
  3. Attend a patient discussion/audit forum to appreciate the patient’s experience of their care and any issues raised.
  4. Participate in simulation exercises involving the use of mechanical ventilation and adjuncts.
  5. Observe other members of the multidisciplinary team performing their role relating to the ventilated patient; such as Physiotherapists or Pharmacists.
  6. Attend follow up clinics to appreciate the patient’s experience of care in the ITU, and the impact on their immediate and future quality of life and lifestyle.

Academic content (MSc in Clinical Science)

Important information

The academic parts of this module will be detailed and communicated to you by your university. Please contact them if you have questions regarding this module and its assessments. The module titles in your MSc may not be exactly identical to the work-based modules shown in the e-portfolio. Your modules will be aligned, however, to ensure that your academic and work-based learning are complimentary.

Learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module the trainee will be able to:

  1. Demonstrate extended understanding of the modes of ventilation, patterns of gas delivery and settings involved in the use of mechanical ventilation, justifying the selection relative to the individual patient’s clinical need.
  2. Critically evaluate the monitoring capabilities of modern ventilator technologies, including the setting of alarms and to give examples of data, waveforms and loops, and to critically appraise weaning strategies.
  3. Explain the principles and the application of extra corporeal therapies related to mechanical ventilation and the underpinning evidence.
  4. Explain the principles and the application of adjuncts to mechanical ventilation.
  5. Critically appraise the setup and monitoring required to deliver anaesthetic agents via an ICU ventilator safely and effectively.

Indicative content

  • Patterns of ventilation: pressure controlled, volume controlled, dual controlled (PRVC, VC+, auto flow).
  • Modes of ventilation: controlled (CMV, IPPV, MV). synchronised modes (SIMV, Bilevel, BiPAP, Duopap, Bivent etc).
  • Pressure/flow/volume waveform interpretation.
  • High frequency ventilation, heliox, nitrous oxide, inhaled agents and humidification.
  • Humidification (active and passive), and nebulisation therapies.
  • Sedation options and application.
  • Ventilation/weaning strategies.
  • Optimisation of settings, (FiO2, TV, PEEP, I: ratios, pressures, rates etc.).
  • Alarms, troubleshooting with respect to optimising the patient’s safety.
  • Clinical and technical issues with respect to troubleshooting mechanical ventilators.


Module assigned to


Specialty code Specialty title Action
Specialty code SPS1-5-22 Specialty title Critical Care Science [2022] Action View